We’ve covered why investing in gold is important in previous posts, but since the recent dip in the gold price, we received some questions from our clients.
Here are the answers to some of our most commonly asked questions about investing in gold:
- Why is the gold price going down?
- Why do Stockspot clients all own the same percentage in gold, regardless of portfolio type?
- Why do you invest in unhedged gold rather than a USD hedged gold ETF?
- Why haven’t you increased its gold exposure further?
- Why do you invest in gold bullion rather than ASX listed gold mining shares?
- What could replace gold in a balanced portfolio?
- Should I reduce my gold allocation given it’s at new highs?
Why is the gold price going down?
Gold has a low correlation to other asset classes
During the first half of 2020 share market volatility rocketed to levels not seen since the 1987 crash due to COVID-19, so investors were and are still looking for a defensive asset to protect their wealth.
Currently, the gold price is dipping, but this is just an indication of gold doing its job.
Remember, gold tends to be viewed as a safe haven, because when other assets like shares are falling, gold often rises.
If gold is down, it is actually a good thing because it means the rest of your portfolio is likely doing well. Gold is an insurance policy, and when share markets fall, which they inevitably do, you’ll be happy you own it.
As real interest rates go down, the gold price tends to go up (and vice versa).
A “real interest rate” is the interest rate adjusted for inflation.
Even though there is a cost to hold and store gold and it provides no yield (i.e. income returned on an investment), so lower interest rates make it a more attractive option. When real interest rates fall, gold becomes appealing, since there is less opportunity cost (ie. missing out on yields from bonds etc…) to hold it.
The opposite is also true. As the economy reopens and a new cycle begins, the market is anticipating inflation will be higher, which has caused long term interest rates to rise. If interest rates rise higher than inflation, it has an impact on the gold price.
However, with central banks around the world printing money and keeping interest rates low for the next few years until there is meaningful inflation, there is a major reason for investors to turn to gold.
Gold retains its purchasing power
Owning some gold has historically been an effective way to help preserve wealth. This is especially true in periods of inflation.
With governments around the world devaluing their own currencies through monetary and fiscal stimulus, gold is still attractive to investors.
Why do Stockspot clients own all the same % in gold regardless of portfolio type?
We believe this is the right percentage in the current environment to complement the growth and defensive characteristics of the other assets.
While it may seem intuitive to have more gold in defensive portfolios, our analysis shows that if you have too much gold in your portfolio, you risk long periods of poor performance when gold isn’t doing as well. That’s why we keep our gold allocation consistent across portfolio types.
Why do you invest in unhedged gold rather than a US Dollar (USD) gold ETF?
Our clients hold gold in Australian dollars via the GOLD ETF rather than U.S. dollars which means clients own ‘unhedged’ gold. There are a couple of important reasons for this.
Unhedged gold helps to protect your portfolio against a devaluation of the Australian dollar.
One of the main reasons to own gold it to protect your purchasing power and defend against the debasement of your home currency. For Australians this is the Australian dollar. Therefore we don’t think it makes sense to hedge your gold.
Unhedged gold provides better diversification when markets fall.
A second reason is that the Australian dollar tends to decline more than the U.S. dollar when the share market falls. Owning gold in Australian dollars magnifies the defensive characteristics of gold in your portfolio. This is exactly what happened during the GFC in 2008 and COVID-19 in 2020.
There have been unhedged and hedged gold ETFs listed in the ASX for the last decade. Over that time the unhedged gold ETF (GOLD) has returned 50% in total whereas the hedged gold ETF (QAU) has only returned 7%.
Why hasn’t Stockspot increased its gold exposure further?
Strategic Asset Allocation (SAA) is about having an asset allocation that can weather different market conditions rather than trying to guess which asset is going to perform best.
Stockspot’s portfolios spread money across different investments that often move in opposite directions to each other. This has helped the portfolios weather the COVID-19 market volatility and deliver positive returns.
Increasing the amount of gold in our portfolios when the price is low is not a sound strategy. Naturally, through our automatic rebalancing, as the price drops lower we may trim some profit from shares and allocate it towards gold. Based on our modelling, a 14.8% allocation is the correct allocation for the current market environment. Our allocation is already significantly higher than almost all diversified funds who generally allocate between zero and 5% to gold.
Why do you invest in gold bullion rather than gold mining shares?
Gold mining shares/gold miners are easy to trade on the share market, but they don’t provide the same defensive characteristics as physical gold. They have higher correlation to shares, and will not always perform the same as physical gold because of operational decisions, hedging and capital management.
Many gold miners fell by 90% or more between 2011 and 2015 when the gold price fell from AU$1820 to AU$1320 (a fall of only 27%).
What could replace gold in a balanced portfolio?
Investors often discuss alternatives to gold, and the below assets come up as possible replacements for gold in a balanced portfolio.
While silver may seem as a suitable alternative to holding gold in a portfolio, it does not provide the same store of value given the wider scope of practical and industrial use. For example, during the GFC, silver was relatively flat, whereas gold was up close to 40%.
Some have suggested that assets like bitcoin could replace gold as a defensive store of value given the digital trust network it has created. This may be possible in the future however for now, cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin are significantly more volatile when compared to gold.
Should I change my gold allocation?
It’s tempting to make changes to your portfolio after one asset rises. or falls – but we take care of this with automatic rebalancing. Automatic rebalancing means you’re never be over-exposed to an asset after a sharp price rise or fall.